CARBON EMISSION REDUCTION FOR SELF SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENTAL CARE(CCER)
Carbon Emission Reduction for self-sustainable environmental care is a project funded by the Bread for the World which through UEM based in German. It is a pilot project and has started in January 2014.
This project is termed CCER which stands for Carbon Credits for Emission Reduction focusing on two main goals:
- Improving living standards of the pilot households and reducing the strain on natural resources through the distribution of Canarumwe stoves and Ceramic Water Filters (CWF)
- Build capacity at RDIS for the development, implementation, monitoring, and financing of carbon projects
In order to reach out the above mentioned objectives we have set a series of activities:
- Conduct assessment on past experience to see whether with our existing technology we venture into carbon projects
- Consult other actors/ competing technologies who are involved in similar projects
- Conduct a baseline survey
- Consultation with stakeholders
- Training of implementers (Canarumwe Installers)
- Various meetings with the community members
- Distribution of the canaraumwe stoves and CWF: 1050 stoves built and used + 1050 CWF
- Various trainings on water hygiene and sanitation, usage and maintenance of the ceramic Water filets.
- Continued monitoring and Evaluation/ Database in place
- Preparation of the Business for the project scale up
The project target groups
The following are the definitions of the target groups, according to their socio-economic status. Since the genocide, only one ethnicity is recognized, namely Rwandan, and beneficiaries are selected regardless of ethnicity.
Marginalised groups: Widows, Orphans, Household Headed Children.
- Very poor: The very poor are physically capable of manual labour, working on land but they themselves either have no land or have very small landholdings, and no livestock.
- Poor: These households have some land and housing. They live on their own labour and produce, and while they have no savings, they are able to provide food even if the food is not very nutritious. However the poor do not have a surplus to sell in the market and their children are not always able to attend school.
Structure and organization of the target group and participation in the project:
- Religious: RDIS is a church-related organization, connected to the Anglican Church. However, there are many religions represented in Rwanda, and Anglicans represent a small portion of the population. It is therefore not the intention of the project to work with any particular religious group. The religious organizations will be involved only at the level of leadership, in order to gain support for the project from community leaders, along with governmental leadership.
- Administrative: The administrative organization will be used in the pilot phase in so far as “communities” can be defined. These will be approached firstly on the basis of leadership. Secondly, the community service day, umuganda will be used for consulting and informing the community about the project, and to select the community representatives to be trained to work with RDIS.
- Self-help groups: In a variety of projects, RDIS has used the concept of self-help groups in order to organize beneficiaries. The idea is that each community representative that is trained will form self-help groups of about 4 other community members (representing different households), in order to implement the project together. For instance, each group can be trained by the community representative to build Energy Saving Stoves, through constructing stoves in each of the households participating in the group. Like this, each participant builds 4-5 stoves and understands in the process how the stoves work best, how to maintain them, etc. This creates ownership of the stoves, self-reliance, and social capital.
The concept is widely used in Rwanda and promoted by the government.
The expected number of EES and CWF to be distributed in the pilot phase is about 1050 each. The precise numbers will depend on the outcomes of the Learning Phase and the Baseline Survey – the types of variables that need to be tested in the pilot phase and the variance in these variables. It will also depend on the rate of success of each of the Community Trainers in creating self-help groups and building stoves. It is expected for the pilot phase that roughly 150 stoves are built per community in 7 communities.
A review of existing surveys and studies of the acceptance of cook stoves and water filters shows that the pilot study populations are relatively large: usually between 1000 and 2000 households. There are statistical methods for determining the minimum sample size depending on the specific variables to be tested in the pilot phase, the variance of these variables, etc.
For the purpose of estimating the budget of the pilot project, we suggest a limit of 150 stoves per community i.e. 1050 stoves and 1050 filters.
Expected impact/ result of the project
At RDIS level:
- Improved ability of RDIS staff to develop, implement, and monitor other projects the organization is involved in.
- Improved ability of RDIS to capture other types of funding beyond carbon finance.
At the community level:
- Increased attendance in school of school-aged children in participating households, due to reduced burden for collecting wood and reduce cases of diarrhea and other water-borne diseases.
- Increased involvement of women in income-generating, social, political, and community activities.
- Reduced strain on the healthcare system through reduction of the cases of respiratory problems, eye irritations, and water-borne diseases.
- Improved social capital in the communities where the project operates, leading to increased social and economic activity and better resilience in case of climatic or economic disasters.
These impacts are limited to the small scale of the pilot project, but any indication of them at the end of the pilot will provide a better understanding of the possible effects of a subsequent scale-up of activities.
Output of the Pilot Project Implementation Phase:
- Simple) monitoring database and system in place for the monitoring of at least one carbon project
- RDIS staff trained on relevant aspects of the development and monitoring of ESS and CWF carbon projects
- Completed feasibility study for at least one carbon project, along with:
- Carbon project data (baseline, monitoring, potential, etc.)
- Carbon project design (methodology, scheme, standard, etc.)
- Business model (financial planning, cost of carbon credits, etc.)
- RDIS capacity assessment